Amphetamine addiction is one of the largest drug problems around. This drug comes in many different forms and is used mainly because of the release of dopamine, causing a long lasting effect on the body similar to adrenaline. Adrenaline that is naturally released is short lived and gives us the “flight or fight” response. Senses are sharpened and the heart speeds up. Amphetamines last for much longer, causing the user to become dependent on the feeling of being more aware of their surroundings and being charged up.
The body responds negatively to this as it is unnatural to live day to day life this way. A “crash” at the end of the high is a repercussion, and in turn, leads to more usage. A tolerance is built up very quickly and addiction happens fast. It is has multiple street names, such as black beauties, bumble bees, crystal meth, speed, and hot ice. Amphetamine can be made in a different ways and is extremely unsafe for anyone coming in contact with it. There are numerous drugs out there, but this is one of the most highly attainable and damaging around.
Amphetamines are used legally for the treatment of narcolepsy, depressions, and attention disorders. Mostly used as a street drug, there are many signs and symptoms that can be noticed in an addict.
Signs one may exhibit using Amphetamines are constant nervousness, having trouble focusing, and hyperactivity. The pupils will be dilated with sensitivity to bright lights. Users are often over-confident and have a “bully-type” attitude. The mouth is dry and blood pressure shoots up. They may have trouble speaking normally, as speech is significantly sped up. Amphetamine is sometimes used for weight loss, so one may show signs of a rapidly deteriorating body. The high from the drug is so intense insomnia and headaches occur.
More severe indications are shown in veterans, or heavy addicts. Paranoia, hallucinations, and psychotic symptoms are common. They may collapse or experience heart attacks. More often than not, heavy users perform acts of violence and aggression towards others. These are all very serious consequences of using Amphetamines.
Someone that has abused this drug to a certain degree can be diagnosed as having Stimulant Psychosis. This is a mental disorder with an array of symptoms that occur similar to the normal, severe symptoms from a user; Hallucinations, delusions, paranoia, hearing voices, and confusion. Stimulate Psychosis can be diagnosed in anyone who has used any type of stimulant drug.
Getting off Amphetamines can be quite a challenge for someone, usually needing to have multiple relapses before any “time milestone”. The withdrawal symptoms can be extremely severe when trying to come off this drug. Commonly seen are weight gain, excessive sleeping, and depression. Anxiety can cause violent mood swings and thoughts of suicide. Nights of restless sleep with nightmares are seen and not to mention the cravings. Immediate physical symptoms can last anywhere from a few days to weeks. Unfortunately, the psychological effects can continue for years. If an addict is planning on coming off Amphetamine, supervision is needed to prevent harm to themselves or others.