Most drug rehab clinics operate in pretty much the same way. Here is what they do and how they do it:
1) Detox. They bring the drug addicts in and stick them in a detox area. This resembles a hospital ward and has medical staffing, usually nurses and maybe they have a doctor there for brief periods of time. Some drugs (including alcohol) are somewhat dangerous to detox from, while others are pretty much safe to withdrawal from but can be extremely uncomfortable (such as heroin or other opiates). There are a few drugs (such as Cocaine and Marijuana) that do not require detox at all, and addicts who are coming off of these drugs will generally not even be admitted to the detox unit at all, but instead go straight into the next portion of treatment: residential.
2) Residential. This is where you spend a few weeks up to 28 days staying in an inpatient setting, usually attending groups and lectures and so on. There is usually group therapy sessions and also a therapist or counselor who will generally be matched up with each individual client. This is also where you would be exposed to the drug rehab centers recovery philosophy, such as the 12 step model. Most rehab clinics do follow the 12 step program and so they will have AA and NA meetings at their facility. Not all rehabs use the 12 step model but probably at least 90 percent of them do.
3) Aftercare. What happens when an addict leaves treatment? They need some form of aftercare if they are going to have a real chance at staying clean. Depending on the individual, their funding, and their goals, they might end up with a variety of different aftercare plans. For example, they might end up going to outpatient treatment after leaving rehab, or they might go to a long term drug rehab clinic where they live for several months. Others might attend meetings or follow up with regular counseling sessions.
4) Medication. In some cases, prescribed medication is becoming a bigger and bigger part of fighting addiction. For example, some alcoholics take a pill now that helps to reduce alcohol cravings (Campral), or opiate addicts might take a maintenance drug to help them stay off of street drugs like heroin (such as Suboxone). There are other medications currently being developed and tested for use with other chemical addictions. For example, they might start using certain drugs for cocaine or meth addicts to help control their cravings for stimulants.
Of course there are some variations out there as well but you have to look pretty far and wide to find a rehab that deviates greatly from these 4 core principles listed here…..